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Sentence to think about :  In the busy world of show business, it is not necessary to be a good musician to be familiar with the music.  Pierre Dac
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Sentence to think about :  That you become a teacher, scholar, or musician, have respect for the "sense", but do not imagine it is taught.  Hermann Hesse
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Sentence to think about :  In the artistic hierarchy, the birds are the greatest musicians that exist on our planet.  Olivier Messiaen
Sentence to think about :  The music is the soul in harmony with all that exists.  Oscar Wilde
Sentence to think about :  The vase gives form to the emptiness, and music to silence.  Georges Braque
Sentence to think about :  What good attendance Plato, when a saxophone can also do us a glimpse of another world ?  Emil Michel Cioran
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Sentence to think about :  Mass of love - it seems that music is that for women.  Edmond et Jules de Goncourt
Sentence to think about :  There is no music more enjoyable than the variations of tunes.  Joseph Joubert
Sentence to think about :  Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.  Ludwig van Beethoven
Sentence to think about :  The real music is silence, and all notes are framed by silence.  Miles Davis
Sentence to think about :  The music, the most beautiful religion in the world where we are not threatened or promised.  Minou Drouet
Sentence to think about :  Jazz is what allows us to escape from everyday life.  Stéphane Grappelli
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Sentence to think about :  Music gives a soul to our hearts and wings to thought.  Platon
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The tuba

(Source: VitriFolk)

The Tuba

The tuba is a brass instrument with a mouthpiece, a conical bore very charged and equipped with piston variable number.

Historical outline : Coming from the distant horn key, the cornetto, the ophicleide and flugelhorn to the tuba is a key achievement of the 19th century. It first appeared in Germany in 1835, with three pistons, built by Moritz on data Wieprecht, Chief Military Bands Prussia. Spontini favored the introduction of instruments pistons France, also in 1836, were built in Paris baritones B flat and basses in B flat or in C. In 1840, Adolphe Sax (1814-1894) perfected these tools so, from the point of view of acoustics and mechanics, he renewed them completely.

The tuba is like other brass instruments, is a tube folded upon itself under whose flag flare but deeper than the horn goes up in instruments range median or low while in acute instruments (flugelhorn) adopt the horizontal direction of the trumpet.
Three kinds of snorkels are in common use today in the orchestra : tuba six pistons, the bass tuba and tenor tuba.

Tuba six-piston : It has six pistons in C, has the prodigious extent of four octaves. This tuba is practically used in France where it is deemed to "go anywhere" because of its extraordinary flexibility and relative ease as severe as in the treble.

Tenor tuba : (actually the saxhorn baritone in B flat) and the tuba six-piston continues the bass tuba in the high or substitutes. The tuba is sometimes used in groups, in the spirit of a choir and did Bruckner example, especially in his eighth symphony.

Bass tuba : or contrabass is in C and French experts are beginning to prefer the latter six-piston tuba (it is used abroad other than our bass Saxhorn in B flat) that sound more round, fuller and more powerful than the tuba to six pistons. No doubt his extended - a fifth shorter because in principle it does not rise to that F - did not allow it to play all the solos in the orchestra, but more than anything else, because of its roundness and its magnitude, it provides a lower ideal for all wood and brass.

The tuba is not a heavy instrument as will be generally included. He reached the contrary, in the medium, to a surprising agility. It can have any flexibility with its registry. He can play pianissimo (pp) on the same grave, and, if he wants to dominate the whole orchestra (especially the bass tuba). The tuba is confined in a rigorous style that enhances the art of music.

Creation date : 09/02/2009 16:39
Last update : 16/03/2009 18:07
Category : Files - Instruments-Brass
Page read 42468 times


Antoine-Joseph Sax

Anthony-Joseph Sax , better known by the name of Adolphe Sax (November 6, 1814 in Dinant, Belgium - February 4, 1894 in Paris) is a Belgian mailman of musical instrument, best known for inventing the saxophone. His father, Charles Joseph Sax, who was already himself a mailman of musical instrument, has made several changes to hunting horn. Adolphe Sax began making his own instruments very young, with two flutes and a clarinet into a competition at the age of 15 years. He then studied those two instruments at the Royal School of Singing in Brussels. It becomes a master of the clarinet to the point that competition is forbidden in his country.


Anton Bruckner

Anton Bruckner (september 4, 1824 to October 11, 1896) was an Austrian composer and organist.

The octave in music

The etymology of the word octave just music: it takes eight grades to have a frequency twice as high.
Indeed, the one to play in tune, it must produce a frequency of 440 Hz to play the octave above, it is necessary to produce a frequency of 880 Hz, ie, exactly twice.
In music, an octave is the interval between two sounds whose fundamental frequency of one is twice the frequency of the other. Divided into several sub-intervals, it allows to define the ranges.

The ophicleide

The ophicleide is an instrument of the brass family.
They say it was invented in 1817 and patented in 1821 by the French organ builder Jean Hilaire Aste.
He held an important place in the copper romantic operas, replacing the snake.
He had nine key to the origin subsequently have up to twelve.
The first score for this instrument has been written for the opera Gaspare Spontini Olimpico in 1819.
Other famous compositions for the instrument are Felix Mendelssohn's Elijah and the opening of Dream of a Summer Night, and the Symphonie Fantastique of Berlioz. Verdi and Wagner also composed for ophicleide.