The first trumpets were made of bone, wood, bamboo, clay, horn or even shell. Today, the Aborigines of Australia play the didgeridoo , a trumpet made of wood. They used to scare the animals dangerous to repel the enemy, to sound the alarm. They are also used to chase away evil spirits.
The first trumpets were invented in ancient times, they appeared in Egypt there are over three thousand years. When they opened the tomb of Tutankhamen in 1922, we discovered two trumpets: one made of copper and gold and one silver. In the Middle Ages, the "wrong" right shape also is used for hunting and for the army. Then the conical bore pipe is gradually bent to form three parallel branches (the "flag", the "mouth" and the lower branch) connected by bends.
The trumpets played a major role among the Romans. When the trumpet was popular in Europe, she saw her role expand military and ceremonial. In 1902, when the Doge left Venice, two hundred trumpets greeted his departure, accompanied by drums and other instruments.
The Crusaders were often greeted with great fanfare of trumpets and drums by Muslims, who were seeking to scare. The ancient trumpets were long and straight, which allowed to hang banners at the ceremonies, but on the battlefield, CETE form could prove a handicap. Also, the late 14th century, one live show a new S-shaped trumpet, the instrument could keep a horse with one hand.
The late 14th century and early 15th centuries were important periods in the evolution of the trumpet. Factors trumpets French were the first to bend the instrument in the form of S, announcing the advent of the modern trumpet. But this new model did not enjoy immediate success.
We continued to make trumpets straight for another two hundred years.
Nuremberg became the center of European manufacturing trumpets there produced the highest quality brass and sometimes precious metal. At the coronation of Christian IV of Denmark in 1588, sixty-four musicians embouchèrent of silver trumpets.
Each major city had its own trumpet, directly related to municipal authorities. They could play in royal ceremonies and civil, and in the regiments of cavalry. Jealous of their privileges, the senior musicians were getting together in guilds (associations).
Ancient trumpets are called natural because they had neither keys or finger holes (like the flute or oboe) and the instruments had to rely solely on their lips to produce the notes, as in our modern trumpet. Their record was so small extent, and composers could not give that party trumpets rather limited. Some crooks allowed to vary the tone , but some notes remained imposible to obtain.
Over the centuries, the factors of trumpets have developed very different models.
The trumpet was increasingly used in orchestral music, and manufacturers sought to develop an instrument capable of playing the tone of the notes. We first designed a trumpet fitted with a slide like a trombone, then built a trumpet with keys like a flute. But the invention was crucial that the pistons, 1820. Now, the instrument could play all the notes of the range it was also easier to use, and a good sound. The trumpet could finally be treated on an equal footing with other members of the orchestra.
Trumpeter of the British army.
Today, the trumpet remains a military instrument Musically, the trumpet is a very diverse, which finds its place both in a symphony orchestra in a set of jazz or even in areas as diverse as major concerts Group of Rock ! His record extends from murmur to fortissimo most acute. In the orchestra, its brilliant sound well, and many composers have used to enhance the dramatic intensity of certain passages. Combined with trombone, trumpets give the orchestra its full output power.
TRUMPET IN UT
Unlike trumpets built in other tones, trumpet in C does not transpose: the notes sound like they were written. The C trumpet in the orchestra appeared at the end of the 19th century. In a sharper tone than the trumpet in B flat, it is also shorter, although the flag is the same size. Its sound is particularly bright in the treble, and composers use it to intensify highlights passages from their works.
FLAT TRUMPET IN MI
The bicentenary of the birth of JS Bach in 1885 brought a renewed interest in his music. Indeed, many of his major works include parts for trumpets acute. Factors brass, to meet the demand instrumentalists, produced new models. Among them, only the trumpet in E flat is still used today. In a clever design, it is actually two instruments in one: it can reduce up to D, and thus play a wider repertoire.
"Piccolo" is an Italian word meaning "quick" in the musical lexicon, it applies to instruments smaller and more igus their class. The piccolo trumpet is the most acute current trumpets. Compared to other brass instruments, it is relatively recent: it was invented in 1885 by F. Besson manufacturer a special hearing of the Magnificat by JS Bach, whose trumpet part is written in a high-pitched tone. Its warm sound and flexible leads the choir and full orchestra.
TRUMPET IN B FLAT
The B-flat trumpet dates from the early 19th century when the invention of the piston revolutionized the design and manufacture of brass. The B-flat trumpet spread first in Germany, but in fifty years, it became the most popular instrument in the orchestra, with its rightness of tone and its good sound. Today is the most used in orchestras, brass bands and jazz.
Last update : 17/03/2009 08:17
Category : - Instruments-Brass
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