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Sentence to think about :  In the busy world of show business, it is not necessary to be a good musician to be familiar with the music.  Pierre Dac
Sentence to think about :  I am not a musician, but I love music passionately, and if air touches me, it amuses me, I listen with delight, I will not consider whether the music is French or Italian, I think Just as there is only one.  Carlo Goldoni
Sentence to think about :  That you become a teacher, scholar, or musician, have respect for the "sense", but do not imagine it is taught.  Hermann Hesse
Sentence to think about :  To make a bad musician, it takes at least five years of study. As for making a bad actor, it only takes ten minutes.  Coluche
Sentence to think about :  The musician is someone who can be relied on to provide reassurance to the neighbor, but it is also a reminder of what human excellence.  Yehudi Menuhin
Sentence to think about :  In the artistic hierarchy, the birds are the greatest musicians that exist on our planet.  Olivier Messiaen
Sentence to think about :  The music is the soul in harmony with all that exists.  Oscar Wilde
Sentence to think about :  The vase gives form to the emptiness, and music to silence.  Georges Braque
Sentence to think about :  What good attendance Plato, when a saxophone can also do us a glimpse of another world ?  Emil Michel Cioran
Sentence to think about :  Without music, life would be a mistake.  Friedrich Nietzsche
Sentence to think about :  We do not sell music. We share it.  Leonard Bernstein
Sentence to think about :  The more one knows about music, the less one is able to say something worthwhile.  Patrick Süskind
Sentence to think about :  The opera is opera, the symphony is the symphony, and I do not think it is nice to dance with the orchestra.  Giuseppe Verdi
Sentence to think about :  Mass of love - it seems that music is that for women.  Edmond et Jules de Goncourt
Sentence to think about :  There is no music more enjoyable than the variations of tunes.  Joseph Joubert
Sentence to think about :  Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.  Ludwig van Beethoven
Sentence to think about :  The real music is silence, and all notes are framed by silence.  Miles Davis
Sentence to think about :  The music, the most beautiful religion in the world where we are not threatened or promised.  Minou Drouet
Sentence to think about :  Jazz is what allows us to escape from everyday life.  Stéphane Grappelli
Sentence to think about :  The music deserves a second language compulsory in all schools in the world.  Paul Carvel
Sentence to think about :  Music gives a soul to our hearts and wings to thought.  Platon
Sentence to think about :  The beauty of music - like light - is that of speed, mobility, elusive.  Jean-Michel Jarre
Sentence to think about :  You do not need a brain to listen to music.  Luciano Pavarotti
Sentence to think about :  Music should humbly seek to please, the extreme complication is contrary to art.  Claude Debussy
Sentence to think about :  People who do not stand a chance to change the music world are those who do not like music.  Ben Harper
Sentence to think about :  The music drives the hatred in those who are without love. It gives peace to those who are restless, she comforts those who mourn.  Pablo Casals
Sentence to think about :  Our era is no longer music. She hides in the noise of men in their solitude suggesting what she thinks is music.  Jacques Attali
Sentence to think about :  It's not quite true that music soothes the soul. I even believe that harmony, a little in excess, leads the better man made ​​to a state of stupor and senility quite frisky.  Alphonse Allais
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The Timpani

Image:Standard timpani setup.jpg

The drums are percussion instruments consisting of a copper basin covered with a skin. The musician plays it by hitting the skin with special sticks. The player of timpani is known as a timpanist. The main feature of the timpani is the possibility to grant to obtain accurate heights. Using a foot pedal, the tension on the skin may be increased or decreased, affecting the sound. Each drum is a different size to obtain a wider register: timpanist may well change your tune quickly by hitting a drum to another, and prepare for future notes by adjusting the pedals during the blank (the adjusting the pedal is slightly faster and can not be made between two successive notes). Initially conceived as military drums, the drums become a basic instrument of the orchestra classic in the XVIIth century. They are widely used in all types of formations, marching band or even groups of rock . In an orchestra or wind ensemble ( harmony ), the drums are usually number four or five, but he arrives to see only two or three.

Acoustics: The peculiarity of these instruments provide a note of given height, which is very rare for the Membrane of percussion instruments (the other exception is the Indian tabla). The membranes, in contrast to strings or air columns, show no resonance frequency following a series harmonic . The origin of this tuning option is that the first mode of vibration (fundamental) is eventually recouped many (for training of air around the diaphragm) and low radiation. The modes involving the nodal diameters radiate much more efficiently and are, for the first of them, close to a harmonic series. The coupling with the cavity has the effect of shifting certain modes of the membrane, making these frequencies even closer to a harmonic series. The first 4 or 5 modes are then "assigned". The drummers ensure therefore minimally excite the first mode, hitting the membrane at about half the radius, which appropriates nodal diameter modes.

The etymology of the word comes from the Latin "tympanum" which designated a drum used in the Phrygian orgies and mysteries of Cybele.


Dials Timpani

They produce a bass sound and deep, compared to the drum. Thanks to various rods, we obtain a rich variety of timbres and sound intensities. Most chopsticks are made of wood while the tip is covered with felt, flannel, wood, cork, sponge, or other materials. The head of the rods may also be of different sizes. The timpanist can also muffle the sound of drums by placing a piece of cloth, opposite the point of striking. When desiring a short note, we can stop the vibration of the tensioned membrane with the fingertips. To play a long note, however, the timpanist uses small strokes close together so they do not appear discontinuous. (Ball or tremolo).

The score of timpani is written in bass clef. To pay the bill for his drum, the drummer changes the pedal position is indicated by a needle, which is placed in a small dial with markers for each note written in letters, according to the Anglo-Saxon. Thus, the timpanist uses the display for the setting to display the note in his cup.

(Source: wikipedia.org - copyright authors - article under GFDL)

Glossary

The fundamental

In harmony, the fundamental is the real note on which is founded « superimposing of third » of an agreement, and that gives its name to this one.
For example, in the chord of " C major "(do-mi-sol), the note C is the fundamental.
When agreement is in the fundamental state, the fundamental belongs to the low. Contrariwise, when agreement is in the state of inversion, the fundamental does not belong to the low.

Harmonics of a sound

A sound wave is characterized physically by its frequency of vibration and it is measured in Hertz (number of vibrations per second). For example, the "A3" has a frequency of 440 Hz higher the frequency, the higher the sound is high. At heights (and thus frequencies) identical sounds emitted by two different instruments (eg violin and flute) do not resonate in the same way. Each is characterized by its so-called stamp that identifies it, that no translation of his nature is really simple: it follows from the combination of its primary or basic, which sets the frequency perceived by the ear and a large number of harmonics whose relative weights determine precisely its timbre.

The harmony

In its broadest sense, the word harmony means traditionally one of the four elements of music - the others being the rhythm, the melody and timbre.
Harmony is the deliberate use of frequencies simultaneously, with a view to provide relief and depth to the song or instrumental performance : she represents the aspect vertical music, while the melody is the aspect horizontal.

The Rock

The rock is a genre of popular music that began in the 1960s.
The genre has its roots in rock 'n' roll, rhythm and blues, country, 1940s and 1950s as well as in folk music, jazz and classical music. It is characterized by a dominant vocal melody, often accompanied by one (or more) electric guitar, bass guitar and drums, but can also be accompanied by synth / piano, brass or other instruments.

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, rock developed a number of sub-genres. It was blended with folk music, (which gave the folk rock), with the blues (blues rock) and jazz (jazz-rock fusion).
In the 1970s, rock was influenced by soul, funk, and Latin music. Also during the 1970s, rock developed many sub-genres like soft rock, glam rock, heavy metal, hard rock, progressive rock, and punk rock.

Among the sub-genres of rock that emerged during the 1980s there is the new wave, hardcore punk and alternative rock.
During the 1990s, the new sub-genres include rock grunge and Britpop, indie rock, and nu metal.

A group of musicians specializing in rock is called a rock band. Most rock bands are composed of an electric guitarist, a lead singer, a bassist and a drummer, forming a quartet. Some groups omit one or more of these roles include a singer or playing an instrument, even as he sings, forming a trio or duo; others include additional musicians such as one or two rhythm guitarist or a keyboardist. Less commonly, groups also utilize stringed instruments like violins or cellos, wind instruments like a saxophone, brass or instruments such as trumpets or trombones.

More recently, the term rock was used as a generic term including forms like pop music, soul and even hip hop, with whom he is often opposed. [One] The Rock has become a "philosophy "with its cultural dominance, film comics through fashionable clothing.

Creation date : 2009.02.06 10:44
Last update : 2009.04.04 19:30
Category : - Instruments-Percussion
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