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Sentence to think about :  In the busy world of show business, it is not necessary to be a good musician to be familiar with the music.  Pierre Dac
Sentence to think about :  I am not a musician, but I love music passionately, and if air touches me, it amuses me, I listen with delight, I will not consider whether the music is French or Italian, I think Just as there is only one.  Carlo Goldoni
Sentence to think about :  That you become a teacher, scholar, or musician, have respect for the "sense", but do not imagine it is taught.  Hermann Hesse
Sentence to think about :  To make a bad musician, it takes at least five years of study. As for making a bad actor, it only takes ten minutes.  Coluche
Sentence to think about :  The musician is someone who can be relied on to provide reassurance to the neighbor, but it is also a reminder of what human excellence.  Yehudi Menuhin
Sentence to think about :  In the artistic hierarchy, the birds are the greatest musicians that exist on our planet.  Olivier Messiaen
Sentence to think about :  The music is the soul in harmony with all that exists.  Oscar Wilde
Sentence to think about :  The vase gives form to the emptiness, and music to silence.  Georges Braque
Sentence to think about :  What good attendance Plato, when a saxophone can also do us a glimpse of another world ?  Emil Michel Cioran
Sentence to think about :  Without music, life would be a mistake.  Friedrich Nietzsche
Sentence to think about :  We do not sell music. We share it.  Leonard Bernstein
Sentence to think about :  The more one knows about music, the less one is able to say something worthwhile.  Patrick Süskind
Sentence to think about :  The opera is opera, the symphony is the symphony, and I do not think it is nice to dance with the orchestra.  Giuseppe Verdi
Sentence to think about :  Mass of love - it seems that music is that for women.  Edmond et Jules de Goncourt
Sentence to think about :  There is no music more enjoyable than the variations of tunes.  Joseph Joubert
Sentence to think about :  Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.  Ludwig van Beethoven
Sentence to think about :  The real music is silence, and all notes are framed by silence.  Miles Davis
Sentence to think about :  The music, the most beautiful religion in the world where we are not threatened or promised.  Minou Drouet
Sentence to think about :  Jazz is what allows us to escape from everyday life.  Stéphane Grappelli
Sentence to think about :  The music deserves a second language compulsory in all schools in the world.  Paul Carvel
Sentence to think about :  Music gives a soul to our hearts and wings to thought.  Platon
Sentence to think about :  The beauty of music - like light - is that of speed, mobility, elusive.  Jean-Michel Jarre
Sentence to think about :  You do not need a brain to listen to music.  Luciano Pavarotti
Sentence to think about :  Music should humbly seek to please, the extreme complication is contrary to art.  Claude Debussy
Sentence to think about :  People who do not stand a chance to change the music world are those who do not like music.  Ben Harper
Sentence to think about :  The music drives the hatred in those who are without love. It gives peace to those who are restless, she comforts those who mourn.  Pablo Casals
Sentence to think about :  Our era is no longer music. She hides in the noise of men in their solitude suggesting what she thinks is music.  Jacques Attali
Sentence to think about :  It's not quite true that music soothes the soul. I even believe that harmony, a little in excess, leads the better man made ​​to a state of stupor and senility quite frisky.  Alphonse Allais
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The tubular bells

The Tubular bell

The tubular bells - also called tubular bell or orchestra bells, is a musical instrument idiophone of the percussion family.

It consists of a series of bells. Each bell is a metal tube usually made of brass, whose diameter varies between a quarter inch and an inch and a half, and fits by changing its length. The tubular chimes are usually grouped into a series chromatic an octave and a half. A series of two octaves exist, but they are extremely heavy and are not really used. Their range is as follows:

Image:Cloches d'orchestre.jpg

The bells are typically struck with a hammer plastic or rawhide. You can also use various types of material from the beater (like the tom-tom or bass drum) to timpani sticks, wood, leather or foam. The bells are struck in their upper part, which often requires a chair, or in the case of musicians from small size, a platform lift.

They were invented as a convenience to reproduce in a symphony orchestra the sound of church bells, while bypassing the problem of congestion such bells are very heavy: the percussionist have here a single instrument of about two meters high and one meter wide, with whom he can play 17 notes (for a standard set of tubular bells).

They are used in orchestral works such as Symphonie Fantastique (including the Fifth Party: "Dream of a Sabbath Night") by Berlioz , Walking Liberty Bell Sousa , or the 1812 Overture of Tchaikovsky , but also the popular music . Mike Oldfield tubular bells used extensively, for example in his debut album Tubular Bells (Tubular Bells in English) in 1973, including the opening theme was repeated for the music of the film The Exorcist.

(Source: - copyright authors - article under GFDL)

Creation date : 06/02/2009 09:58
Last update : 04/04/2009 19:13
Category : Files - Instruments-Percussion
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Hector Berlioz

Hector Berlioz is a composer, a writer and a French critic, born December 11, 1803 at La Cote Saint Andre, Isere, died March 8, 1869 in Paris.
It is considered one of the greatest representatives of European Romanticism, although it should challenge the term "romantic" that meant nothing to him.
It is defined in fact as a classical composer. His music had the reputation of not respecting the laws of harmony, accusation which does not resist to a deepened reading of its scores.
It reveals, paradoxically, that Berlioz respects the historical foundations of harmony dating from the XVIth century (rules governing opposite and joint movements), but sometimes it frees additional rules appeared later and aesthetically questionable (rules modulation cadential among others).


The chromatic scale

In solfeggio, the chromatic scale refers to a musical scale consisting of seven degrees of the diatonic scale of five notes added intermediaries, each sharing your past two semitones through accidentals.

  • While the diatonic scale is in the form of isolated diatonic semitones framing alternating groups of two and three-tone chromatic scale is a succession of semitones - five chromatic semitones and seven diatonic semitones. This quasi-identity blurs intervals joint benchmarks and tends to generate a fuzzy tone.
  • The chromatic scale and the intermediate notes :


Michael Gordon Oldfield

Michael Gordon Oldfield was born in Reading May 15, 1953.
The son of Dr. Raymond Henry Oldfield and Maureen Bernadine Liston (Irish descent), it is the last of three children who all had careers in music: Sally Oldfield (born 1947) is a singer, while Terry Oldfield (born in 1949) composed music for documentaries.


The octave in music

The etymology of the word octave just music: it takes eight grades to have a frequency twice as high.
Indeed, the one to play in tune, it must produce a frequency of 440 Hz to play the octave above, it is necessary to produce a frequency of 880 Hz, ie, exactly twice.
In music, an octave is the interval between two sounds whose fundamental frequency of one is twice the frequency of the other. Divided into several sub-intervals, it allows to define the ranges.

The Popular Music

Popular music is a term for a certain type of music as opposed to both classical music and various traditional music.

The term popular music was used as a more or less wide, it is also called pop music. Initially used for any non-classical music, its definition is evolving in the nineteenth century, excluding folk music, traditional music called instead today.

John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854-March 6, 1932) was an American composer.
He was also a conductor, composed of many famous military marches (Stars and Stripes Forever, High School Cadets, Semper Fidelis, The Washington Post March, King Cotton El Capitan ...).
He gave his name to a variety of popular tuba in the marching bands, Jazz New Orleans, the sousaphone, Large flag towards the front and dominating the orchestra.


The Symphony Orchestra

A symphony orchestra is a musical ensemble consisting of four families of instruments: strings, woodwinds, brass and percussion.
It comes from the string orchestra of the baroque period which was gradually expanded the oboe, bassoon, sometimes horns, trumpets, and timpani.
The classical period with Gossec, Haydn and Mozart often seen winds s'architecturer by two (2 flutes, 2 oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets).
The desks of the Romantic period s'ordonnancent rather with the addition of three more or less systematic instruments like the piccolo, English horn, bass clarinet, saxophone, contrabassoon, trombones and tuba.
It is also the time who knows the great evolution of percussion.
In the early twentieth century, the symphony can be large, generally, more than eighty musicians, sometimes exceeding the number hundred instrumentalists.
Since the late seventeenth century, its main function is dedicated to the performance in the concert hall, symphonic works and concertos, secular or sacred.
This course is also used for accompaniment in the pit in the opera houses, performances of opera or dance.
The composers of film scores, incidental music heiresses, they too use all the resources and expressive music of the symphony orchestra.