By continuing your navigation on this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you contents and adapted services. Legal Notice.
 
 
Sentence to think about :  In the busy world of show business, it is not necessary to be a good musician to be familiar with the music.  Pierre Dac
Sentence to think about :  I am not a musician, but I love music passionately, and if air touches me, it amuses me, I listen with delight, I will not consider whether the music is French or Italian, I think Just as there is only one.  Carlo Goldoni
Sentence to think about :  That you become a teacher, scholar, or musician, have respect for the "sense", but do not imagine it is taught.  Hermann Hesse
Sentence to think about :  To make a bad musician, it takes at least five years of study. As for making a bad actor, it only takes ten minutes.  Coluche
Sentence to think about :  The musician is someone who can be relied on to provide reassurance to the neighbor, but it is also a reminder of what human excellence.  Yehudi Menuhin
Sentence to think about :  In the artistic hierarchy, the birds are the greatest musicians that exist on our planet.  Olivier Messiaen
Sentence to think about :  The music is the soul in harmony with all that exists.  Oscar Wilde
Sentence to think about :  The vase gives form to the emptiness, and music to silence.  Georges Braque
Sentence to think about :  What good attendance Plato, when a saxophone can also do us a glimpse of another world ?  Emil Michel Cioran
Sentence to think about :  Without music, life would be a mistake.  Friedrich Nietzsche
Sentence to think about :  We do not sell music. We share it.  Leonard Bernstein
Sentence to think about :  The more one knows about music, the less one is able to say something worthwhile.  Patrick Süskind
Sentence to think about :  The opera is opera, the symphony is the symphony, and I do not think it is nice to dance with the orchestra.  Giuseppe Verdi
Sentence to think about :  Mass of love - it seems that music is that for women.  Edmond et Jules de Goncourt
Sentence to think about :  There is no music more enjoyable than the variations of tunes.  Joseph Joubert
Sentence to think about :  Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.  Ludwig van Beethoven
Sentence to think about :  The real music is silence, and all notes are framed by silence.  Miles Davis
Sentence to think about :  The music, the most beautiful religion in the world where we are not threatened or promised.  Minou Drouet
Sentence to think about :  Jazz is what allows us to escape from everyday life.  Stéphane Grappelli
Sentence to think about :  The music deserves a second language compulsory in all schools in the world.  Paul Carvel
Sentence to think about :  Music gives a soul to our hearts and wings to thought.  Platon
Sentence to think about :  The beauty of music - like light - is that of speed, mobility, elusive.  Jean-Michel Jarre
Sentence to think about :  You do not need a brain to listen to music.  Luciano Pavarotti
Sentence to think about :  Music should humbly seek to please, the extreme complication is contrary to art.  Claude Debussy
Sentence to think about :  People who do not stand a chance to change the music world are those who do not like music.  Ben Harper
Sentence to think about :  The music drives the hatred in those who are without love. It gives peace to those who are restless, she comforts those who mourn.  Pablo Casals
Sentence to think about :  Our era is no longer music. She hides in the noise of men in their solitude suggesting what she thinks is music.  Jacques Attali
Sentence to think about :  It's not quite true that music soothes the soul. I even believe that harmony, a little in excess, leads the better man made ​​to a state of stupor and senility quite frisky.  Alphonse Allais
You are here :   Welcome » The battery
 
Preview  Print...  Print this page...
Preview  Print...  Print this section...

Connection


Connect again :
Your user name :
Your password
<O>


  2705054 visitors
  43 visitors online

Connected :
(nobody)
Snif !!!

Presentation

Files

Agenda

eCards

Let's think of celebrating :
  • Romuald



Make a donation

If you appreciate the work done, you can contribute to the costs by making a donation in the amount of your choice.

The battery

rss This article is available in the standard RSS format for publication on your website :
https://musique-harmonie.fr/data/en-articles.xml

The battery

The battery is a set of drums, cymbals and other percussion instruments used most genres of contemporary music to mark the rhythm . With the bass guitar, bass or drums, the battery is part of the rhythm section of an orchestra or a band.

Historical

The battery has emerged in the early XXth century. The main constituent elements (kick drum, snare drum, cymbals ,...) already existed within orchestras classical and military bands. The appearance of the battery (as a combination of these various instruments) is directly related to the birth of jazz and the various technological developments in the early XXth century. So the first batteries were they called "jazz", named after the style of music that gave them birth.

Its root cause is multicultural and ancient: the snare drum (1850) and the bass drum (XVIIth century) are of European origin. The cymbals are from the East and are probably one of the oldest instruments in the world. Thus the first traces of objects similar to cymbals back to third millennium BC. J.-C., in India. The toms, in turn, are rooted in Amerindian and African percussion and were probably invented in the same period as the terracotta vases. The "hat" that worked to its present form by jazz in the 1920s, comes from a percussion instrument dating from Roman Antiquity: scabellum.

With the evolution of the style of New Orleans, the battery knows its true development, especially through drummers like Zutty Singleton . Since the battery, which was at the time that the assembly of a bass drum, a snare and a cymbal, has a lot more complex.

Composition of a standard battery and variants

Drumkit.jpg
Details of a battery.

The following are mostly part of a battery, a variable number (the numbers correspond to the elements of the picture):

Cymbals (yellow in color, base alloy of bronze) are:

  • charleston, hihat or hi-hat (5);
  • the crash cymbal (6, right);
  • ride cymbal (6 left);
  • other cymbals are "standardized" (they are not represented on the image): splash cymbal and cymbal china.

There are other instruments not represented: crash-ride, gong, cowbell, tambourine, etc..

The snare is located in the middle, between the legs of the drummer (3). However one second snare (or more) may be added, mostly to the left of the hat stand for right-handers, and vice versa for left to right. When it is thinner, with a drum to a depth of less than 4", it is called piccolo snare. When small diameter, usually 10" or 12" is a soprano or sopranino snare.

The toms are most usually numbering two or three (with tom medium, but there is no limit):

  • tom tom alto or small (4, right) and the tom tom medium or medium (4, left), above the bass drum;
  • the floor tom, the worst (2), usually on the feet.
  • other types of Toms exist: like the snare, toms there piccolo (small and thin), but also rocket toms (small and quite deep) or rototoms still at its very dry.

The bass drum is laid on the ground (1). There are bass drum raiser for small dimensions (eg the "Manu Katche" Yamaha)

The accessories are generally composed of a single bass drum pedal, double or even triple, a Charleston pedal, a foot snare drum and cymbal feet.

The factors that can be regularly found on modern batteries, you can also include:

  • Chinese cymbal (or china): traditionally curved edges give it a serious tone, with heartbreaking and very few harmonics for the fall after the fishing-pole-is immediate. Its diameter ranges from 16 "to 22", sometimes up to 24". Mini china There are, however, less than 16" in diameter.
  • ride cymbal can be drilled to attach rivets (or scissors). This results in a higher vibration that fills the space when the drummer accompanies a slow blues or jazz ballad for example. Its diameter normally varies between 18" and 22" Sabian in the mark, however small models proposed about 10".
  • other toms with different diameters - typically 6" to 18", sometimes supplemented by a set of rototoms - or snare with or without a stamp.
  • a second large box, possibly replaced by a double bass drum pedal to make bearings with both feet or any other syncopated figure. This technique is widely used in styles metal, hardcore, grunge, hard rock, and in certain styles of punk.
  • various small percussion instruments: bells, Chimes, Wood Block, Tambourine (sometimes fixed on the stem of Charleston) and sometimes a tom-tom or set of gongs.

Some batteries may have very complex many toms and cymbals as well as several additional big boxes. To support it all, tubular frame (rack) can be used. This frame can be particularly impressive, as the drummer Terry Bozzio . Some drummers have made the complexity of their battery a real trademark, the image of Mike Portnoy and Simon Phillips of Toto.

Reading score

On a partition in the treble clef: - In the form of notes: The DO is the sharp snare; The D major is the bass drum, the tom is the high G sharp, acute Mi represents tom medium; The low F represents the floor tom - Sub crosshair: The DO is the acute Rim shot, the high G is either the cymbal or the Charleston, The cross above the staff represents the crash cymbal; The D major is the hat walk ; The high G (cross surrounded by a circle) represents the opening of Charleston

However, the position of the notes may change from one partition to another. Thus, for example on partitions Dante Agostini , the snare will, for a range in treble clef, placed on the B

The score of battery is different from the piano or the violin, because it does not use the same notes but still has a key. The note represents a sound, because every accessory that you type, has a tone different. The score also has five lines (the kind worn Dante Agostini). The pounding on the cymbals are represented by crosses, above the top line. Each has its own cross, we distinguish the open and closed hi-hat. The toms are represented acute on routes with the highest round (like notes "usual"), and the floor tom but it is down. The snare is represented by a circle in the center, or a cross whether the game is done rimshot . The accents and other nuances are like on the other partitions.

The ratings differ partitions: some one adds a few instruments like the triangle or the chimes. There are also other types of litters with one or two lines. The battery is an instrument that is not really strict musical notation but increasingly, it is the kind of notation Dante Agostini is used. Of all methods of battery, there is a legend which attributes to each symbol (triangle, circle, square, etc..) An instrument to hit and possibly an indication of the type of hit to apply to it.

The electronic battery

V-drums.jpg

There are also drum machines, with which we play on pads, rubber, or imitation leather (skin mesh, mesh or mesh) reproducing more or less the feel of an acoustic drum, but without producing the volume important because the sound can be heard using an audio headset, which can practice without disturbing those around him. Another advantage of electronic drums is to precisely configure the sound produced by each Pad, which lets you play with different kits without having to buy new equipment. These batteries are also easier to transport because once the rack folded, they are less important than acoustic drums. This type of battery, once very expensive, has in recent years, in addition to rates of more interesting, more performance and more advanced: The Rimshot are managed and gaming experience to approach closer sensations procured by an acoustic drum.

(Source: wikipedia.org - copyright authors - article under GFDL)


Creation date : 05/02/2009 21:52
Category : - Instruments-Percussion
Page read 19509 times

imasso.gif

 
This site is recorded to CNIL (Computer National Commission and Freedom) since October 26th, 2010 under the number 1462331 v 0. In accordance with Computer law and Freedom, you have a right of access, modification, correction and abolition of data concerning you, as specified in "Lawful mentions"