Meaning word, the band can mean different musical compositions or different sets of musicians in the brass family sometimes with percussion.
- In ethnomusicology, a fanfare is a melody rather disjoint (no second), using mostly the repetition of the harmonics of a fundamental note, for example, the children's song Jean de la Lune is a fanfare.
- A fanfare is also a tone, a musical phrase often short, sometimes longer, one or more voices, used as a signal and performed by one or more musical instruments of the brass family at events calendar (hunt ...) or official (opening ...), religious ceremonies (coronation ...) or military (commemoration ...). The first tones of war trumpets and band of hunting horns are natural cited by Marin Mersenne in his Harminicorum Libri in 1637, but since the Middle Ages, illuminated manuscripts and miniatures, tapestries, sculptures and paintings reflect the circumstances the use of these compositions. The epic films about Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece or Ancient Egypt we heard (and see) moult bands, eclectic interpretation of Italian and Hollywoodian cinema .
- Symbolizing usually airs hunting or military music is also a work or part of a musical work composed specifically for brass or desks brass a symphony or harmony orchestra. The most famous are from the Aida of Giuseppe Verdi, the Trojans of Berlioz or Tannhäuser of Wagner, but Monteverdi's Orfeo, Jean-Baptiste Lully in his Te Deum, Rameau in Castor and Pollux, Mouret Royal Fanfares, Zelenka Equestrian Fanfare, Mehul The Hunting of the young Henri, Rossini Hunting Fanfare, Dukas Fanfare to precede La Peri, Manuel de Falla Fanfare on the name of Arbos, Ravel Fanfare prelude to the fan of Joan... and many others have also composed. The film often uses in his music bands especially in the heroic adventure films such as Superman, the Indiana Jones or Star Wars composed by John Williams.
By definition, a band is a group of musicians whose instruments are only occasionally accompanied by brass percussion.
- With instruments to sound natural, it's a whole of :
- - Hunting horn for the hunt.
- - The cavalry trumpets, hunting horn or bugle for military music and can be mixed and supported with timpanis, drums, bass drum, cymbals and even glockenspiels or fifes, it may add low brass (tubas, euphoniums, or helicons sousaphones): see band-drum band.
With the brass orchestra of classical instruments (trumpets, horns, trombones, tuba) and drums, is a set often specializes in repertoire from the Middle Ages to the Classical period, but also playing pieces contemporary music. His name is fairly common Great whole of brass.
- With trumpets, cornets, bugles, horns, violas, trombones, euphonium, tuba, bass and contrabass saxhorns and a comprehensive panel of percussion, wind orchestra is a very common in England, Switzerland, Belgium , Holland and Germany, his name should be orchestral fanfare, but the anglicism brass band is increasingly used. The 1996 UK film Brassed Off tells of a band of miners involved in the final of the English national championship.
- For simplicity, it is also a musical group consisting chiefly of brass but also with some wood, including saxophone, their real name should be harmony-band, these groups are intermediate between the wind band and previous band. In Switzerland, we speak of mixed band. Their instrumental diversity is often due to the difficulty in a given sector, to find all the musicians needed to achieve a more structured band. In addition there may order instruments (trumpets, horns, drums ...). Some engineering schools have their bands or brass bands harmonies often becoming known by the Festivals (Montpellier, Fleurance, Crest or Thoissey), ferias (Vic Fezensac, Arles, Nimes or Dax) or the National Competition of Bands of Fine Arts.
Terms et associated expressions
- A bandsmen : a musician with a band.
- A spectacular finish : entrance with panache, but sometimes too noisy
- A clock with a bang : the origin, serenade given certain holidays in honor of someone, today, wake uproarious.
- A braggart : person boastful, proud-to-arms but also term specifically defines a musician of Fanfare des Beaux Arts.
- A fanfouille : orchestra music playing loudly and false. (Humor cynical musician: why is fanfouille walking? ... away from the noise.).