In western music, a choir means a vocal ensemble, whose members, known singers, singing together the various musical parts for this type of formation under the direction of a conductor.
There are different types of voices. They differentiate commonly voices of women and children and male voices, female voices and childish is more acute than the male voices (with some exceptions). In this classification, one can even say that there are deep voices and high voices of women and children, as there are deep voices and high voices of men. This leads to the conclusion that there are four types of voice, named as follows in musical terms :
This classification is based on the tone, thickness, and the tessitura of the voice; term used to describe a musical sound level set, in which the voice can be heard as easily, maintaining a consistency of tone.
These records, also known range, are:
It should be noted that women tessituras below are only valid for lyric singers since the latter distorts (sing in head voice) over their entire range, while the variety of singers "poitrinent " and then descend lower and rise less high, but whether they affect they rise as high as the voice type that corresponds to them in the following list.
It should be noted that the lyrical voice (whether of the sopranos or baritones) are very likely to legato.
Some exceptions can add to these classifications, as the voices of high-cons, male voice unusually acute. Some women have very serious voice, called woman tenor. There are more in Eastern Europe and they are widely used in choral music of Bulgaria.
Finally, some virtuoso voice can reach extremely high notes like light soprani or coloratura soprani, those for whom writing was the air of the Queen of the Night in The Magic Flute of Mozart, or even very low notes - these voices are so called noble bass or deep bass and are found occasionally in the Russians. Some male voices are exceptionally low.
Among the famous choir or holds or has held an important role in vocal music include Patrick Marie Aubert, Norbert Balatsch, Frieder Bernius, Bouture Didier Philippe Caillard, Stephane Caillat, Michel Corboz, Marcel Couraud, Marcus Creed, Laurence Equilbey, Eric Ericson, John Eliot Gardiner, Yvonne Ruled, Jacques Grimbert, Philippe Herreweghe, Geoffrey Jordan, Patrick Marco, Arthur Oldham, Michel Piquemal, François Polgar, Toni Ramon, Karl Richter, Denis Rouger, John Rutter, Gerhard Schmidt Gaden, Robert Shaw, Joel Suhubiette Michel Tranchant Sofi Jeannin. Many of them are also conductors, even if they have long specialized in music with choir.
In western music, a chorister is a musician who, in a chorus or choir, performs together a musical part in a panel - unlike the solo singer, which, as its name suggests, carries only his part.
The development in power and length of voice led to the study of voice, that voice is now called typology. It describes several types of sopranos, most powerful (dramatic soprano), the most acute (light soprano).
Consistent with the classical beauty of the soprano voice has been built on an aesthetic homogeneity of the patch (no sensation of breaking from low to high), and developed his power of technology increasingly demanding (size of scenes). The specificity of the soprano is that it often works to his low tones not to use his chest voice, or as lightly as possible.
In western music, a baritone is a singer whose voice has an average range between the tenors and basses. The term - from Greek barytonos : whose voice has a low tone - is often used for solo voice, but can also be used for a voice in a desk.
In a chorus (or choir), the word bass means primarily a panel, whose ambitus is below that of the tenors. By extension, the term includes the members of this panel, and this, whatever their true typology voice.
Regarding the soloists, a bass is the type of male voice whose range is the lower.
Hector Berlioz is a composer, a writer and a French critic, born December 11, 1803 at La Cote Saint Andre, Isere, died March 8, 1869 in Paris.
It is considered one of the greatest representatives of European Romanticism, although it should challenge the term "romantic" that meant nothing to him.
It is defined in fact as a classical composer. His music had the reputation of not respecting the laws of harmony, accusation which does not resist to a deepened reading of its scores.
It reveals, paradoxically, that Berlioz respects the historical foundations of harmony dating from the XVIth century (rules governing opposite and joint movements), but sometimes it frees additional rules appeared later and aesthetically questionable (rules modulation cadential among others).
A support for the partition
In the midst of the Middle Ages, when Western music was learned systematized the use of notation, the panel has appointed a cabinet for supporting a partition so as to permit reading.
The position of conductor
"The 'console can metaphorically describe the place of the conductor. Thus, the radio, the commentator called sometimes the conductor by the expression: "the band X, Y on the podium.
A group of musicians
In a musical, a desk is a group of musicians performing the same party as the tenors in a choir or second violins in a symphony orchestra, but he also referred to as a set of instruments belonging to the same family, wood an orchestra to brass band or a big band.
In music, instrumentation indicates generally speaking the implement, the enrollment, nature and the sharing out of instruments in a group, notably those of the orchestra. Term also indicates the discipline studying these aspects.
Instrumentation classifies instruments in eight main groups :
Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart, better known by the name of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (born in Salzburg, a principality of the Holy Roman Empire, January 27, 1756 - died in Vienna Dec. 5, 1791) is generally considered one of the largest Composers of European classical music.
Although he died at thirty-five years, it leaves an important work (626 work are listed in the Catalog KV) which embraces all genres of his time.
According to the testimony of his contemporaries was the piano to the violin as a virtuoso.
The term popular music was used as a more or less wide, it is also called pop music. Initially used for any non-classical music, its definition is evolving in the nineteenth century, excluding folk music, traditional music called instead today.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (Ciboure, Pyrenees-Atlantiques, March 7, 1875 - Paris, December 28, 1937) was a French composer of the modern era.
His work is the result of a persistent search for perfection and a legacy ranging from Rameau to the pioneers of jazz, reflects a unique style that, after participating at the beginning of the century Impressionist movement, turned to a more neoclassical stripped.
Recognized as a master of orchestration and a meticulous craftsman, a man of complex personality has never parted with a sensitivity and expressiveness that, according to Le Robert, made him recall his work in both " games the most subtle of intelligence "and" the outpourings of the most secret heart. "
Not very prolific (eighty-six original works, twenty-five works orchestrated or transcribed), producing music of Ravel is characterized by a diversity of genres and a significant proportion of works recognized as a major.
These include the symphonic ballet Daphnis et Chloe (1909-1912), Bolero (1928), two concertos for piano and orchestra (for the Left Hand, 1929-1931, in G major, 1930-31) and orchestration of Pictures at an Exhibition by Mussorgsky (1922) are those who have contributed most, for decades, internationally renowned musician.
Gioacchino Rossini (Gioachino or - in the civil Giovacchino Antonio Rossini), born in Pesaro, February 29, 1792 and died in Paris on November 13, 1868, is one of the greatest composers of the nineteenth century, both in importance and extent of his repertoire as for its quality.
Above all, his name is connected with the opera. Today's most popular works are The Barber of Seville (The Barber of Seville by Beaumarchais), and La Cenerentola (from Cinderella), Overture (The Thieving Magpie), L'italiana in Algeri (The Italian Girl in Algiers) and Guillaume Tell.
The year 1830 represents a break in the life of Rossini. He stopped writing operas but always composed, at its own rhythm, sacred music and instrumental music until his death in 1868.
In music, the tessitura of a voice or an instrument means all the notes a musician, singer or instrumentalist, is capable of transmitting easily from the serious to the acute. The tessitura and tone are used to classify certain instruments and voices by categories or families.
The word "tessitura" must be carefully distinguished from the word vocal tessitura, which designates the total tessitura (between extreme scores) of a musical part (of a voice or an instrument).
In western music, the word means a tone scale music belonging to the tonal system.
A tone is defined as the set of intervals, melodic and harmonic as well, between hierarchical levels of a given scale compared to its fundamental level, called tonic. A tone is characterized by both the tonic and its mode.
Each key is constructed from the diatonic scale.
The tone is also a means to locate a musical instrument in relation to C reference.
The flute, violin or piano are in C, that is to say that when the C is played, it really means to do. The B-flat trumpet sounded really flat so when playing a do. The horn (in F) is heard when playing an F do.
The tone is very important because it will allow transposition and transcription of partitions in C in tones of instruments with different pitches.
Some instruments and their tone:
Western music is music, popular or learned, practiced in European countries and American or European influence, and / or North American, and / or South American, from Charlemagne to today. Its main features are:
Nobody gave a comment yet.
Be the first to do so!
The web site
Orchestres / Formations
If you appreciate the work done, you can contribute to the costs by making a donation in the amount of your choice.